Arts of Asia in Reach
Hachimaki/Shibori Lesson Plan
1. Lesson Overview


A Lesson for Langston Middle School, Students Ages 11 to 13, Grade 6
Designed by Loren Fawcett, Education Assistant, Allen Memorial Art Museum

Theme/Subject

Hachimaki
Arashi Shibori

Objectives/Concepts
  1. Students will learn about a Japanese dyeing method, Arashi shibori, its history and its process.
  2. Students will learn about hachimaki and make their own to wear.

Academic Content Standards

National
  1. Visual Arts
    • NA-VA 5-8.1: Students intentionally take advantage of the qualities and characteristics of art media, techniques, and processes to enhance communication of their experiences and ideas.
    • NA-VA 5-8.3: Students integrate visual, spatial, and temporal concepts with content ot communicate intended meaning in their artworks.
    • NA-VA 5-8.4: Students know and compare the characteristics of artworks in various eras and cultures.
    • NA-VA 5-8.5: Students analyze contemporary and historic meanings in specific artworks through cultural and aesthetic inquiry.
    • NA-VA 5-8.6: Students compare the characteristics of works in two or more art forms that share similar subject matter, historical periods, or cultural context.

  2. Social Studies
    • NSS-G.K-12.1: Understand how to use maps to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective (finding Japan).
    • NSS-G.K-12.2: Understand how culture and experience influence people's perceptions of places and regions.


Ohio State Standards
  1. Social Studies
    • Describe the cultural practices and products of people on different continents.
    • Demonstrate skills and explain the benefits of cooperation when working in group settings.
    • Demonstrate self-direction in tasks within the school community.
    • Obtain information from oral, visual and print sources.

  2. Math
    • Use mathematical strategies to solve problems that relate to other curriculum areas and the real world; e.g., use symmetry in artwork.

  3. Visual Arts
    • Benchmark 1A: Recognize and describe visual art forms and artworks from various times and places.
    • Benchmark 1B: Use historical artworks such as paintings, photographs and drawings to answer questions about daily life in the past.
    • Benchmark 2B: Establish and communicate a purpose for creating artworks. Identify, select, and use art elements and principles to express emotions and produce a variety of visual effects.
    • Benchmark1C: Identify and describe the different purposes people have for creating works of art
    • Benchmark 2A:Demonstrate knowledge of visual art materials, tools, techniques and processes by using them expressively and skillfully.
    • Benchmark 2B: Identify, select and use art elements and principles to produce a variety of visual effects.
    • Benchmark 4A: Apply basic reasoning skills to understand why works of art are made and valued.

Vocabulary

Arashi
the Japanese word for storm; pole-wrapped resist shibori dyeing; patterns are diagonal since the cloth is shaped on the bias; typically achieved in 4 steps: folding a long narrow cloth lengthwise into halves or quarters; rolling the cloth from one end of the pole to the other; binding the cloth tightly to the pole at varying intervals; and dyeing.

Hachimaki
Thin towel or strip of cloth tied around crown of head; according to Japanese legend, hachimaki strengthen spirit and repel evil spirits. Commonly worn during festivals, martial arts

Shibori
Commonly translated into English as "tie-dye;" shaped resist dyeing or patterning process of manipulating 2-dimensional cloth surface into 3-dimensional shapes before compressing them to dye.





Continue to: 2. Lesson Materials